Psychological therapies

Psychological therapies are sometimes referred to as ‘talking therapies’.
Psychological therapy is a collaborative space to explore your difficulties in a safe and confidential setting. Most therapies aim to help you better understand your feelings in the context of your past experiences. But we take the next step- looking your future. The past does not predict our futures, but it can serve to know ourselves better. Ultimately the goal is to live a life you love, a life you design, a job and even relationships you create. With the Brain Coach team, the goal of therapy with is to give you tools so that you can have power and freedom to create a life that you WANT to live.

Therapy provides a supportive, non-judgmental environment where you might feel more able to talk openly about your experiences.
Your therapist and you will work together to make changes that you want to achieve to feel a greater sense of happiness, empowerment, or perhaps to feel less affected by particular experiences.

Therapies can be:

  • Individually with a therapist
  • In a couple or with other members of the family
  • In a group of people with similar difficulties.

Some therapies last around 20 sessions over a five-month period, whilst others are longer and may last up to a year.

Different approaches to psychotherapy

Psychologists generally draw on one or more theories of psychotherapy.

A theory of psychotherapy acts as a roadmap for psychologists: It guides them through the process of understanding clients and their problems and developing solutions.
Approaches to psychotherapy fall into five broad categories:

Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapies.

This approach focuses on changing problematic behaviors, feelings, and thoughts by discovering their unconscious meanings and motivations. Psychoanalytically oriented therapies are characterized by a close working partnership between therapist and patient. Patients learn about themselves by exploring their interactions in the therapeutic relationship. While psychoanalysis is closely identified with Sigmund Freud, it has been extended and modified since his early formulations.

Behavior therapy.

This approach focuses on learning’s role in developing both normal and abnormal behaviors.

Ivan Pavlov

Made important contributions to behavior therapy by discovering classical conditioning, or associative learning. Pavlov’s famous dogs, for example, began drooling when they heard their dinner bell, because they associated the sound with food.


Is classical conditioning in action: A therapist might help a client with a phobia through repeated exposure to whatever it is that causes anxiety.

Another important thinker was E.L. Thorndike, who discovered operant conditioning. This type of learning relies on rewards and consequences to shape people’s behavior.

Several variations have developed since behavior therapy’s emergence in the 1950s.

One variation is cognitive-behavioral therapy, which focuses on both thoughts and behaviors.

  • Cognitive therapy. Cognitive therapy emphasizes what people think rather than what they do.
  • Cognitive therapists believe that it’s dysfunctional thinking that leads to dysfunctional emotions or behaviors. By changing their thoughts, people can change how they feel and what they do.

  • Major figures in cognitive therapy include Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck.

Humanistic therapy. This approach emphasizes people’s capacity to make rational choices and develop to their maximum potential. Concern and respect for others are also important themes.

  • Humanistic philosophers like Jean-Paul Sartre, Martin Buber and Søren Kierkegaard influenced this type of therapy.

  • Three types of humanistic therapy are especially influential. Client-centered therapy rejects the idea of therapists as authorities on their clients’ inner experiences. Instead, therapists help clients change by emphasizing their concern, care and interest.

Gestalt therapy emphasizes what it calls “organismic holism,” the importance of being aware of the here and now and accepting responsibility for yourself.

Existential therapy focuses on free will, self-determination and the search for meaning.

Integrative or holistic therapy. Many therapists don’t tie themselves to any one approach. Instead, they blend elements from different approaches and tailor their treatment according to each client’s needs.

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Specializing in the science of neuroplasticity and biofeedback, Dr. Sunita is able to assist individuals and groups achieve new levels of mental and physical performance. She is focused on addressing the cause of the challenges that individuals face to create solutions that last and are sustainable.